Padır's CornerThere is no such thing as public opinion. There is only published opinion. -Winston Churchill
Modeling of closed chain systems and sensor based control of robot manipulators
In this talk, two subjects are studied, closed chain systems and sensor based control of robot manipulators. Closed chain systems are defined as two or more chains attached to a single movable platform. These system have several advantages over serial manipulators including increased stiffness, precision and load repartition. However, the additional closed loop constraint means advanced modeling and control strategies are required. This talk focuses on three such systems, cooperative serial manipulators grasping rigid object, cooperative serial manipulators grasping a deformable object and cable driven parallel robots. The second part of the talk focuses on sensor based robotic control. Sensor based control allows robot manipulators to interact with an unknown dynamic environment. Two applications are studied. In the first case, the separation of deformable bodies using multiple robots is investigated. Force/Vision control schemes are proposed that allow the system to adapt to on-line deformations of the target object. In the second case, we present sensor based control strategies that allow a robot to adapt its behavior to the presence of an human operator in the workspace.
Philip Long obtained a 1st class honours degree in mechanical engineering from the National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG) in 2007, followed by two years working as a mechanical engineering analyst at Xyratex Ltd Havant UK. From 2009-2011, he completed the EMARO program, a two year European research masters in advanced robotics in the University of Genova, Italy and Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France. He received his PhD, which focused on cooperative manipulators, from Ecole Centrale de Nantes in 2014. From 2014-2017 he worked as a robotics research engineer at the Jules Verne Institute of Technological Research (IRT JV). As technical lead of the collaborative robots division, he was responsible for the implementation of multi-modal control schemes for industrial partners. He is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the RIVeR lab at Northeastern University, where his research focuses on modeling and control of humanoid robots.
Professors Dagmar Sternad and Taskin Padir and their hard-working students invite you to the Action Lab Open House. Please join us to meet NASA Johnson Space Center’s humanoid robot Valkyrie (R5), and interact with the team members who are developing autonomous behaviors and human-robot collaboration techniques for future space missions and many other applications here on Earth.
When: Thursday, March 30, 2017, 3-5pm
Where: Action Lab, Richards Hall 425
What: A meet and greet with Valkyrie and her humans
We are pleased to host Professor Masayuki Inaba and his colleagues at Northeastern’s Robotics Collaborative. Professor Inaba leads JSK Robotics Lab at the University of Tokyo which is the home of numerous humanoid robots including Kengoro and JAXON. Here are the details of Professor Inaba’s seminar talk.
Recent Robotics Activities and Background at JSK Lab, University of Tokyo
Professor Masayuki Inaba
Time: 13 December 2016, 2pm
Place: Richards Hall 300
The talk will introduce recent ongoing activities of the research and development at the JSK Robotics Lab, University of Tokyo which include our DRC humanoid, JAXON, and musculoskeletal humanoid, Kengoro. At JSK Lab (http://www.jsk.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/research.html). We are working on several research topics on system architecture and integration for task execution, continuous perception with attention control, variable robots for system abstraction, hardware platform like HRP2 and PR2 for general purpose system, software platform with lisp-based programming environment, asynchronous multi-component envrironment of RTM-ROS environment with continuous integration tools, specialization for industry collaboration and hardware challenges for robot vision, whole-body tactile and flesh sensors, flexible and redundancy with complexity of muscloskeletal, high-power drives with heat transfer and control, flying and hovering in space, and so on.
Masayuki Inaba is a professor of Department of Creative Informatics and Department of Mechano-Informatics of the graduate school of information science and technology of The University of Tokyo. He received B.S of Mechanical Engineering in 1981, Dr. of Engineering from The University of Tokyo in 1986. He was appointed as a lecturer in 1986, an associate professor in 1989, and a professor in 2000 at The University of Tokyo. His research interests include key technologies of robotic systems and their research infrastructure to keep continuous development for advance robotics.
We received very exciting news yesterday… NASA awarded our team a Valkyrie humanoid robot. We are looking forward to collaborating with NASA, our colleagues at MIT and Space Robotics Challenge competitors to advance the autonomy on Valkyrie. Here is a brief summary of our project acknowledging our entire team:
Accessible Testing on Humanoid-Robot-R5 and Evaluation of NASA Administered (ATHENA) Space Robotics Challenge
Taskin Padir, Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University
Robert Platt, Assistant Professor, College of Computer and Information Science, Northeastern University
Holly Yanco, Professor, Computer Science Department, University of Massachusetts, Lowell
Our overarching goal in this basic and applied research and technology development effort is to advance humanoid robot autonomy for the success of future space missions. We will achieve this goal by (1) establishing a tight collaborative environment among our institutions (Northeastern University (NEU) and the University of Massachusetts Lowell (UML)) and NASA’s Johnson Space Center, (2) leveraging our collective DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) experience in humanoid robot control, mobility, manipulation, perception, and operator interfaces, (3) developing a systematic model-based task validation methodology for the Space Robotics Challenge (SRC) tasks, (4) implementing novel perception based grasping and human-robot interaction techniques, (5) providing access to collaborative testing facilities for the SRC competition teams, and (6) making the developed software available to the humanoid robotics community. Successful completion of this project will not only progress the technological readiness of humanoid robots for practical applications but also nurture a community of competitors and collaborators to enhance the outcomes of the SRC to be administered by NASA in 2016. We propose to unify our team’s complementary expertise in robot control (Padir), grasping (Platt), and human-robot interaction (Yanco) to advance the autonomy of NASA’s R5. Since August 2012, Padir has been co-leading the WPI DRC Team, the only Track C team that participated in the DRC Finals with an Atlas humanoid robot. Platt participated in Team TRACLabs’ DRC entry to enhance Atlas robot’s autonomous manipulation capabilities. Yanco led the DARPA-funded study of human-robot interaction (HRI) for the DRC, at both the Trials and the Finals. Our team is unique in terms of facilities and capabilities for hosting NASA’s R5 at the New England Robotics Validation and Experimentation (NERVE) Center at UMass Lowell in Lowell Massachusetts, less than 30 miles from Boston. At 10,000 square feet, the NERVE Center is the largest indoor robot test facility in New England.
Since its founding in 2010, Robotics and Intelligent Vehicles Research (RIVeR) Laboratory has been the home of many researchers from PhD students to high-school interns who worked on a variety of projects from assistive robotics to robots for disaster response. As of September 1, 2015, we announce that RIVeR Lab moves to Northeastern University. We are now recruiting researchers at all levels. For more information contact Professor Padir at t.padir@northeastern. edu
WPI’s Robotics and Intelligent Vehicles Research (RIVeR) Laboratory (robot.neu.edu) is leading a new initiative called Major Qualifying Project-Vertically Integrated Experience (MQP-VINE, in short). Within the scope of an MQP-VINE, students will have an opportunity to begin their MQP experience as early as their sophomore year by getting involved in our cross-disciplinary sponsored research projects on assistive robotics, autonomous exploration rovers, aerial vehicles, human-in-the-loop robot control, and cyber physical systems. In its full implementation, we envision that students will gain theoretical knowledge and practical skills in robotics engineering by completing their MQP in functional multidisciplinary project teams of sophomores, juniors, and seniors on well-scoped yet challenging projects.
In a nutshell, here’s how it works.
– If you are a rising sophomore now, you will complete your MQP over three years by registering 1/3 units each year.
– If you are a rising junior, you will complete your MQP over two years by registering 1/3+2/3 units.
– It is expected that you will spread your units over at least two terms each year.
– It is expected that you will commit 9-11 hours (on average) per week for each 1/6 unit that you register.
– It is expected that you will “stay with problems” for the duration of the project regardless of the units you register.
At this time, we are seeking applications from rising sophomores and rising juniors majoring in RBE, ECE, CS, and ME programs. Double majors are welcome to apply. We expect to recruit up to three sophomores and three juniors this year.
Please send the following information to firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested in joining the MQP-VINE in RIVeR Lab.
– A resume including your name, contact information, academic standing, project work, skills, and other relevant information.
– An unofficial copy of your transcript from Bannerweb.
– A short essays (200 words or less) on your research interests, goals, and preparation.
All relevant questions can be directed to Professor Padir, email@example.com.
RIVeR Lab is planning to advise/sponsor the following MQPs (Major Qualifying Projects) for the 2015-16 academic year. If you are interested in any of these projects please contact Professor Padir, firstname.lastname@example.org.
A. Assistive Robots for Improving Quality of Life for Older Adults
(Please note, we will recruit two project teams on this topic.)
RIVeR Lab is working with local assisted living facilities and nursing homes to develop assistive robots to foster aging in place. With support from the National Science Foundation, we will advise two projects on designing assistive robots that can operate in home environments and perform activities of daily living. One project will develop robust software for WPI’s personal assistant robot FRASIER (Fostering Resilient Aging with Self-Efficacy and Independence Enabling Robot). The second project will utilize rapid prototyping techniques to realize CHEER (Co-robots for in-Home Evaluation of Environmental Risks) to prevent falls. Project teams will also work towards enhancing our lab’s connections with non-profit organizations and government agencies and businesses. Both projects will be validated within WPI’s @Home testbed.
B. Robotics for Advanced Response to Epidemics (RARE)
(Please note, we will recruit multiple project teams on this topic.)
Project team will work closely with our researchers to design and validate new gadgets and techniques within our emergency treatment unit testbed. The overarching goal of this NSF-funded project is to develop new technologies for preventing, detecting and responding to current and future epidemics (such as Ebola). Our current capabilities include telepresence robots, technologies for remote patient monitoring, bed-side technologies and decontamination robots.
C. Accelerating Mammalian Embryo Research Using Co-Robots
This project will be completed in close collaboration with the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology. The study of early mammalian development requires the analysis of gene expression at the whole organism level. This allows for the temporal and spatial visualization of the patterns of gene expression that control embryonic development. The foremost technique used in these studies is wholemount in situ hybridization. This technique is highly laborious and tedious consisting of approximately 50 steps that vary in time of incubation, and temperature with the whole technique spanning three days. The overarching goal in this collaborative project is to enhance the experimental research outcomes, minimize human errors, and accelerate the training of next generation developmental biology researchers by iteratively designing, prototyping and validating a new class of rapidly engineered co-robots that can work side-by-side with developmental biology researchers.
D. WALRUS Rover Autonomy and Payload Development
The project team will advance the capabilities of WALRUS Rover: http://robot.neu.edu/walrus/
We continue to add more project ideas here…
RIVeR Lab is planning to advise the following IQPs (Interactive Qualifying Projects) for the 2015-16 academic year. If you are interested in any of these projects please contact Professor Padir, email@example.com.
2016 WPI RoboEthics Symposium
This IQP is on planning the 2016 WPI Roboethics Symposium. DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals will feature 25 teams from all around the world. Even though the challenge is on designing robot hardware and software for disaster response, what are the ethical issues around the dual use of technology? FAA recently selected 6 aerial vehicle test sites in the United States. Are there privacy and security issues with personal use of drones? In 2014, the SmartAmerica Challenge organized by Presidential Innovation Fellows featured several projects on healthcare and patient monitoring. What are the ethical issues surrounding smart technologies in elder care. In 2010, we hosted the 1st WPI RoboEthics Symposium (http://www.wpi.edu/Pubs/E-project/Available/E-project-042510-210828/). It is now time to continue the dialogue.
Creating a Research Roadmap for Robotics for Advanced Response to Epidemics (RARE)
Motivated by the fact that the 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest in history, there is a pressing need to understand how to improve clinical care, logistical support, and situational awareness during epidemics. This IQP will build on our lessons learned from the Brainstorming Workshops on Safety Robotics for Ebola Workers held on Nov. 7, 2014, and 2015 RSS Workshop on Robotics for Advanced Response to Epidemics (RARE) to be held in July 17, 2015 to create a research and development roadmap for RARE.
User Experience Design for FRASIER
It is projected that in 2030, there will be 4 people for each person over the age of 65. Among these four people, one will be a child, one will be sick and one will be at a distant geographical location. This implies that the ratio of younger adults as caregivers to older adults as individuals in need of care will be 1-to-1 in 2030. Robotics technologies, the integration of sensing, computation and actuation in the physical world, can be used to transform the capabilities of a person with a disability in performing the activities of daily living. Robots will not replace a human caregiver in near future, however they can provide an extended independent living for older adults or individuals with physical and mental disabilities as personal assistants or companions, and hence, improve the quality of life for humans. This IQP will investigate the acceptability and user perception for new robot technologies for assisting persons with general and age-related disabilities and create a user experience design for WPI’s personal assistance robot, FRASIER (Fostering Resilient Aging with Self-efficacy and Independence Enabling Robot).
It was great to share our vision for realizing Cyber-physical systems for Advanced Response to Epidemics (CARE) with the STEM Saturdays participants, this morning. Thank you parents for all the engaging discussions as your middle-schoolers worked on their projects. We also thank WPI’s Office of Multicultural Affairs for their invitation.